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Carbon Footprint


A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions, that come from the production, use and end-of-life of a product or service, and which gets trap heat in the atmosphere, ended up causing global warming. Greenhouse gases includes carbon dioxide - the gas most commonly emitted by humans, methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases.

Usually, the bulk of an individual’s carbon footprint comes from transportation, housing, energy and food. Globally, the average carbon footprint is closer to 4 tons. To have the best chance of avoiding a 2℃ rise in global temperatures, the average global carbon footprint per year needs to drop to under 2 tons by 2050.


Globally the transport sector is responsible for 25% of total carbon dioxide (CO2 ) emissions from fuel combustion in 2018 (IEA, 2020). It is the fastest growing sector and is a major contributor of global greenhouse gas emissions (Hasan et al. 2019). In India, it is the third most CO2 emitting sector, and within the transport sector, road transport contributed more than 90% of total CO2 emissions (IEA, 2020; Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change, 2018). The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in India consisted of 70% CO2 and 30% non-CO2 (methane, nitrous oxide, F-gas) emissions (Olivier and Peters 2020). With economic development in India, the vehicle ownership level has increased with a growth rate of 10.4% for two-wheelers and 11% for cars from 2001 to 2015 (Singh et al. 2020), leading to an increase in emission levels on the road. An increase in vehicle population also contributed significantly to India's air pollution (Guttikunda & Kopakka, 2014). Serious health issues are observed due to high exposure to air pollution (PM and NOx) in India (Guttikunda et al. 2015).


Electric vehicles (EVs) are an important part of meeting global goals on climate change. EVs are responsible for considerably lower emissions over their lifetime than conventional (internal combustion engine) vehicles and hence EV's lower lifetime climate impacts than those with internal combustion engines. If a new EV replaces an existing conventional car, it would still start to cut emissions after less than four years of use compared to continuing to run the older vehicle. Experts broadly agree that electric vehicles create a lower carbon footprint over the course of their lifetime than do cars and trucks that use traditional, internal combustion engines.


The number of electric cars, buses, vans and heavy trucks on roads is expected to hit 145 million by 2030, the International Energy Agency predicts.

Must Read Carbon Footprint Articles


Co2 Emissions In India To Increase By 6% This Year, Says ...

Last Updated: 11-Nov-2022

The projection of 40.6 GtCO2 total emissions in 2022 is close to the highest-ever annual total of 40.9 GtCO2 in 2019.


Global emissions stay at record level in 2022: Report

Last Updated: 11-Nov-2022

The new report projects total global CO2 emissions of 40.6 billion tonnes (GtCO2) in 2022 which is close to the 40.9 GtCO2 in 2019, which is the ...


Carbon dioxide emissions reached a record high in 2022

Last Updated: 02-Mar-2023

Emissions of the climate-warming gas that were caused by energy production grew 0.9% to reach 36.8 gigatons in 2022, the International Energy ...


Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change ...

Last Updated: 08-Jun-2022

For example, for Black Carbon growth rate indicator the score of India has improved to 100 in 2022 from 32 in 2020, whereas the overall weight ...


India Transport Energy Outlook: Co2 Emissions & ...

19 July, 2022 ... 2022. India Transport Energy Outlook. ... Electric vehicles reduce direct emissions from the transport sector and shift emissions to the ...


'Global Carbon Emissions on Rise; India's Levels to Go Up ...

Last Updated: 11-Nov-2022

'Global Carbon Emissions on Rise; India's Levels to Go Up by 6% in 2022,' Say Scientists at COP27. In 2022, global carbon emissions will ...


Indian Air Force procures electric vehicles to reduce ...

Last Updated: 15-Nov-2022

Indian Air Force procures electric vehicles to reduce carbon footprint. The Indian Air Force inducted a fleet of electric vehicles in keeping ...


New legislation for carbon reduction in India

Last Updated: 31-Jan-2023

While in 2020 India took big steps to reduce tailpipe emissions by introducing ... in July 2022, will apply to all new commercial vehicles, ...


Given below is the graph to showcase the CO2 Emissions with every passing year.


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